Executive Order Bans All People from 7 Nations

Story highlights

  • Many of the provisions in the order are consistent with Trump’s campaign pledges
  • Here’s a breakdown of what the executive order does

Washington (CNN)With just a few quick strokes of the pen, President Donald Trump on Friday banned — temporarily, for now — roughly 218 million people from entering the United States.

Trump barred citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the US for at least the next 90 days by executive order, which a senior White House official said later Friday is likely just a first step toward establishing a broader ban.
Executive orders: Read more
  • All of Trump’s executive orders, memos and proclamations
  • Will the orders and actions stick?
  • It’s unclear how many more countries will be added to the list, but the official said the administration will be “very aggressive” as it weighs how many more countries to add to the list.
    Asked what criteria the administration will consider as it looks to expand the ban beyond the initial seven countries, the official said simply the “mandate is to keep America safe.”
    “Not going to take any risks,” the official added.
    That’s just one part of the controversial executive order Trump signed Friday dubbed: “Protecting the nation from foreign terrorist entry into the United States.” Many of the provisions in the order are consistent with Trump’s campaign pledges.
    Here’s a breakdown of what the executive order does.

    Bans citizens of 7 countries

    Trump banned citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the US for at least the next 90 days.
    The executive order bars all people hailing from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen — or at least 218 million people, based on 2015 data published by the World Bank — from entering the United States. Those countries were named in a 2016 law concerning immigration visas as “countries of concern.”
    But the executive order also makes clear those seven countries are just a starting point for a likely broader ban.
    The order exempts diplomats and members of international organizations from the ban.

    Orders review of countries to be added to the ban

    The order also directs the secretary of Homeland Security to conduct a 30-day review to determine which countries do not provide “adequate information” for its citizens to be issued visas to enter the US.
    During the campaign, Trump talked about these countries as “terror-prone” countries. During the GOP primary campaign, he called for banning all Muslims from the US — a statement he never retracted — before shifting toward calling for banning individuals from countries with terrorist links, though he never specified the countries.

    Suspends the US refugee program

    Trump also stopped the admission of all refugees to the United States for four months.
    During that time, Trump’s secretary of state will review the application and screening process for refugees to be admitted to the US. The process is already highly rigorous and often takes successful refugee applicants at least two years to be admitted into the United States, but Trump has argued the program could still be exploited by terrorists.
    Trump also more than halved the number of refugees who could eventually be admitted in 2017 to 50,000 from the 110,000 cap established under former President Barack Obama.
    Trump also states in the order that refugees should be prioritized for entry on the basis of religious persecution, “provided that the religion of the individual is a minority religion.” That would open the door for Christian refugees from Muslim-majority countries to be accepted in the US while Muslims fleeing those countries would be excluded.

    Bans Syrian refugees

    “I hereby proclaim that the entry of nationals of Syria as refugees is detrimental to the interests of the United States and thus suspend any such entry,” Trump declared in Friday’s executive order.
    While Trump during his campaign called for banning Syrian refugees from the US — decrying their entry as a potential “Trojan horse” — he also called for establishing a safe zone in Syria where Syrians fleeing the war-ravaged country could live peacefully. Trump made no mention of that plan in Friday’s executive order, even though a draft of the executive order circulating in recent days called for beginning to plan for creating such zones.

    Calls for new immigration screening procedures

    The executive order also calls for the secretaries of state and homeland security, the director of national intelligence and the FBI director to develop and implement new immigration screening procedures.
    The ban and its impact:
  • 134 million banned from US
  • What to know about the restrictions
  • Trump during his campaign called for developing new “extreme vetting” screening procedures that would weed out potential terrorists from visa applicants by asking questions about their views on the US and ensuring that individuals support the US’s pluralistic values.
    “In order to protect Americans, the United States must ensure that those admitted to this country do not bear hostile attitudes toward it and its founding principles,” Trump states in the opening section of the executive order.
    “The United States cannot, and should not, admit those who do not support the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies over American law. In addition, the United States should not admit those who engage in acts of bigotry or hatred…or those who would oppress Americans of any race, gender, or sexual orientation.”
    Correction: The combined population of the seven countries named in the executive order — Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen — is roughly 218 million, according to 2015 data published by the World Bank. An earlier version of this story incorrectly used a lower figure.
     _______________________________________________

    Donald Trump’s executive order on immigration and its immediate consequences, explained

    ANALYSIS

    Updated

    Media player: “Space” to play, “M” to mute, “left” and “right” to seek.

    VIDEO: Trump says America should have had ‘extreme vetting’ for many years (ABC News)

    Actions speak louder than words and after more than a year of inflammatory rhetoric, US President Donald Trump has used executive orders to prove to those who put him in office that he will act on his controversial promises — and there were immediate consequences.

    More than 134 million people are now at least temporarily banned from entering the country under his sweeping executive order signed at 4:42pm on Friday aimed at “Protecting the nation from foreign terrorist entry into the United States”.

    What was Trump’s order and who is affected?

    It bans travel from seven majority Muslim countries — Iran, Iraq, Somalia, Syria, Sudan, Libya and Yemen — for 90 days, suspends all refugee admissions for 120 days with “case-by-case” exceptions and suspends entry of Syrian refugees indefinitely.

    There has been confusion about permanent residents and green card holders due to conflicting advice sent to airlines by the White House. Officially it appears that they can board flights to the US but they may face extra screening or be detained on arrival.

    However, human rights groups say that green card holders trying to return from holidays, business or study are being stopped in foreign airports.

    White House officials briefing reporters have said green card holders who are stranded outside the US will need to meet with a consular officer and seek a case-by-case visa waiver to return home. The requirements to get a waiver remain unclear.

    Dual nationals born in any of the seven banned countries are also covered by the ban even if they hold passports from a US-allied country like Australia.

    What was the response?

    While Brooklyn district Federal Court Judge Ann Donnelly has blocked part of the order in response to a case brought by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), her ruling applies only to those who were already in transit, preventing the Government from deporting them.

    Ms Donnelly says the Government is “restrained from, in any manner and by any means, removing individuals” who are refugees or have valid visas due to risk of harm if they are deported.

    The order does not apply to those who are outside the United States who have not yet commenced their travel. It appears to also mean that those who are being detained at airports could be held until the legal case is complete.

    Another Federal District Court judge in Virginia also issued a seven-day order to prevent green card holders being held at Dulles International Airport, just outside Washington DC, from being removed from the country.

    Mr Trump has shrugged off the sense of chaos and confusion as refugee advocates scramble to respond and security personnel at US entry points grapple with new, hastily made rules.

    Why these countries?

    The New York Times reports that research by the University of North Carolina shows that no terrorist attack has been committed on US soil by anyone who has emigrated from any of the seven countries affected in the past 15 years.

    Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Afghanistan and Pakistan are not included in the ban despite documented terrorist activity and movement of militants from those countries, nor are Indonesia or Turkey where the Trump Organisation does business.

    “It’s not a Muslim ban, but we were totally prepared,” Mr Trump said at the White House.

    “It’s working out very nicely. You see it at the airports. You see it all over.”

    What happens now?

    When refugee entry eventually resumes the number will be capped at 50,000 over the year, halving the number allowed by the Obama administration. Religious minorities and Christians will be given preference.

    Further protests are planned for major airports across the country today after crowds turned out at JFK in New York, O’Hare in Chicago and elsewhere last night in support of detained passengers.

    An official from the Department of Homeland Security told the Washington Post that the order had created only minimal disruption with 109 people denied entry to the country and some turned around, 173 people blocked from boarding aircraft in foreign locations, and 81 green card waivers issued so far.

    Filed under: Donald Trump, Immigration, In The News, International, Let's Change the WORLD Movement, Political, Politicians, Politics, Revolution & Unrest, Videos | Posted on January 29th, 2017 by DSource4U

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